List of street names in Harwell Parish.
Please use the comment form at the end of the page to add more information or send corrections. This is very much work in progress. Thanks to Harwell Parish Council for access to minutes, and for additional information gained during my time on the parish council.
|traditional if shown on 1804 map or earlier|
West of A34
|Barrow Lane||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed. See also The Barrow.|
|Barrow Road||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as Abingdon Path Road. Private Road No.8 (or 5?). See also The Barrow.|
|Blenheim Hill||shown on 1912 25” Ordnance Survey Map||OS1912|
|Broadway||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, extending as Public Road No. 3, east towards Upton|
|Burr Street||shown on 1912 25” Ordnance Survey Map||OS1912|
|Chilbrook||Shown on some maps as Chillbrook.|
|Church Lane||traditional||Named in Fletcher’s 1981 Harwell Trail, map of Harwell in c1320
Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed
|Cow Lane||traditional||Shown and named in Fletcher’s 1967 Map of Harwell in 1600
Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as a footpath, unnamed, turning into Hill Mead (??) Road – Public Road No.5
|Drewitts Corner||A Harwell family?|
|Gaveston Road||1970||Probably named after Piers Gaveston, Edward II’s favourite, who was awarded the manors in Harwell
Gaveston’s wife, Lady Margaret Clare placed a memorial window to him in Harwell Church
Proposed Jan 1970 as an historical name, by Harwell PC
|V4a1000 page 6|
|Green Road||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as Hagbourne Road Public Road No.6|
|Grove Road||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as Talbots Lane Road (Foot Path) Public Road No.4
Still shown as Talbot Lane (at east end near High Street) in 1899, 1912 and 1933 25” Ordnance Survey Maps.
Still called Talbot Lane in footpath amendment orders 1971
|Hengest Gate||1980’s||Either named after Hengist who with his brother Horsa, according to tradition, led the Jutish invasion of Britain and founded the kingdom of Kent.
Or named after the Slingsby Hengist, a British military glider designed and built by Slingsby Sailplanes Ltd. Like other British troop carrying gliders in WWII , it was named after military figures whose name began with H, in this case the Jute invader Hengist.
However, the spelling has changed.
Harwell News#19, 1983 says “The housing development to the rear of Almshouse Farm being developed by Penta-Hill Ltd has been named Hengest Gate. This name was associated with the parish in the distant past and appears in the Saxon Charter granted by King Edgar in 985 A.D.
Wording from the Charter, describing the Anglo-Saxon bounds of Harwell, is ‘Starting from Harundun Way, it goes to the people of Middleham, to Sutton lake; from Sutton lake to the people of Leofsige, to the twisted ditch; from the twisted ditch to the bramble-thorn; from the bramble-thorn to Hengest Gate in the old down, to the people of Brihtwold; from the people of Brihtwold then to Harandun.‘
|Harwell News #19 1983|
|High Street||traditional||Named in Fletcher’s 1981 Harwell Trail, map of Harwell in c1320||Fletcher81|
|Jennings Lane||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed
Becoming, east of the village, Clive Way, Private Road No.4
|Kings Lane||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed|
|Loder Road||1970||Proposed Jan 1970 as an historical name, by Harwell PC
Presumably named after Francis Loder, significant landowner on 1804 Enclosures Map
|Orchard Way||1960’s||Already existing in 1970. Proposed Jan 1970 as an historical name, by Harwell PC – to be retained only for the loop of the existing estate.|
|Reading Road||East. Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, as The Broadway Public Road No. 3,
West: Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as Turnpike Road
|School Lane||shown as Free School Lane on 1912 25” Ordnance Survey Map||OS1912|
|Talbot Close||2015||Reviving the name Talbot. Grove Road was once Talbot Lane.|
|The Barrow||historic||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed.
Oxfordshire Historic Environment Record MOX10578:
“Mrs M Chitty reported local information that barrow existed about 70 years ago north of minor road from Milton Hill to Harwell. Close to angle between it and track to NW called ‘The Barrow’. Now under housing estate in 1963”
|The Cleave||Some of what is now The Cleave, shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed. The footpath running past the site was called The Cleave, and the parish council wanted that name to be used for the development.||PC minutes 1963, quoted in Harwell News #17, 1982.|
|The Croft||1960’s||Named after an orchard which was there.||PC minutes 1963, quoted in Harwell News #17, 1982.|
|The Holloway||traditional||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as The Hollow way Road Public Rd. No.2|
|The Styles||1970||Proposed Jan 1970 as an historical name, by Harwell PC||HPC1970|
|The Winnaway||traditional||Named in Fletcher’s 1967 Map of Harwell in 1600
Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as The Winnow way Private Rd. No.2.
Called Winnow Way until early 20th century. (winnowing means removing the chaff).
It had WWII nickname of Burma Road, probably because it led to the Harwell aerodrome
|Townsend||Townsend was the old road to Sutton Courtney.|
|Tyrrells Close||Presumably named after Timothy (or Maria) Tyrell, significant landowner on 1804 Enclosures Map|
|Wantage Road||Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map as Turnpike Road|
|Wellshead||traditional||Named in Fletcher’s 1981 Harwell Trail, map of Harwell in c1320
Shown on 1804 Enclosures Map, unnamed
Some modern maps show it as Wellshead Lane.
Name of Wellshead (no Lane) confirmed by PC in ~2010
|Westfield||1970||Proposed Jan 1970 (as West Field) as an historical name, by Harwell PC||HPC1970|
Grove Road North
|Boot Lane||2019||The Boot is said to be the name of an old Harwell pub|
|Chequers End||2018||The Chequers was a Harwell pub in Wantage Road.|
|Crispin Place||2018||The Crispin was a Harwell pub in Burr Street, next to the White Hart, now a private house|
|Crown Fields||The Crown was a Harwell pub in the High Street, now a nursing home|
|Fidler’s Orchard||2018||Tithe Map of 1841 shows a Fidler’s Orchard north of Talbot Lane (now Grove Road) close to the new development. Plot 108|
|Ham Corner||2018||A house west of Harwell and north of the current King’s Piece, was called Ham (1805-74 OS Cassinni series) and then Ham House in all later maps|
|Hoopswell||2018||Fletcher’s (1967) map of Harwell in 1600 shows the stream running north from Talbots Lane/Grove Rd called Hoopswell Brook. Also on the Harwell Awards Map 1802||Fletcher67|
|Queen Gardens||2018||The Queens Arms was a Harwell pub in Burr Street, Renamed to the Kicking Donkey. Now a private house.|
|White Hart Way||2018||The White Hart was a Harwell pub; now called the Hart of Harwell|
|Teasel Bank||2018||Known to be present on the site before building started. Dipsacus fullonum||BLOOR|
|Hawthorn Garden||2018||Known to be present on the site before building started. Crataegus monogyna||BLOOR|
|Ash Crescent||2018||Known to be present on the site before building started. Fraxinus excelsior||BLOOR|
|“Harwell roads were not officially named until December 1954, when the AERE Administrative Steering Committee, chaired by Schonland, resolved to name the main routes running East-West across the site as ‘Avenues’, and two others as ‘Roads’ (eg DIDO Road). The roads running north from an Avenue would be even-numbered ‘Streets’ (Second, Fourth etc) and those running south would be odd-numbered (First, Third Street etc). It was decided to name the Avenues after famous nuclear scientists, such as Rutherford and Curie, with the exception of Library Avenue.”||HANCE page 50|
|Becquerel Avenue||Henry Becquerel discovered radioactivity||HANCE|
|Curie Avenue||Marie Curie isolated radium and polonium in pitchblende||HANCE|
|Fermi Avenue||Enrico Fermi constructed the first nuclear reactor||HANCE|
|Maxwell Avenue||James Maxwell developed the theories for electromagnetism||HANCE|
|Rutherford Avenue||Henry Rutherford changed one element into another||HANCE|
|Thomson Avenue||Joseph Thompson discovered the electron in 1897||HANCE|
|Faraday Avenue||Michael Faraday invented the dynamo and the electric motor||HANCE|
East of A34 (GWP)
|Blissett Close||2015||A Harwell family – lived in “The White City”|
|Candytuft Way||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant.
Wild Candytuft Iberis amara Vulnerable
|Cherry Tree Road||2015||[Houses NOT in Harwell: Even 38-50]|
|Cornflower Close||2015||[Houses NOT in Harwell: Even 2-16, Odd 9-21]|
|Cottongrass Road||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant. Two types:
Common Cottongrass Eriophorum angustifolium Vulnerable
Broad-leaved Cottongrass Eriophorum latifolium Least Concern
|Didcot Road||traditional||Shown as a Turnpike Road, west of the village on 1804 Enclosures Map|
|Fen Violet Drive||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant.
Fen Violet Viola persicifolia Critically Endangered
|Foxglove Way||2015||[Houses NOT in Harwell: Even 2,4]|
|Gentian Mews||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant. Three types:
Autumn Gentian Gentianella amarella Near Threatened
Early Gentian Gentianella anglica European Protected Species
Chiltern Gentian Gentianella germanica Vulnerable
|Greenwood Way||2015||Named after Eric Greenwood, chief test pilot of the Gloster Aircraft Company who, for a short time, lived in Harwell|
|Holly Lane||2015||[Houses NOT in Harwell: Even 10-16]|
|Hopkins Way||2015||Named after Henry or Richard Hopkins significant landowner on 1804 Enclosures Map|
|Hornsby Fields||A Harwell family, related to Palmer|
|Keats Drive||2015||Named after John Keats significant landowner on 1804 Enclosures Map|
|Marigold Crescent||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant.
Corn Marigold Glebionis segetum Vulnerable
|Mezereon Spur||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant.
Mezereon Daphne mezereum Vulnerable
|Miles East||2015||Miss Miles and Miss East were primary school teachers just after WWII teaching reception classes in the Village Hall. Miss M.E.East retired as deputy head of Harwell School in 1977, after 29 years of service.||V4a100 page 94
Harwell News #3, Sep 1977
|Palmer Close||A Harwell family, related to Hornsby|
|Pennyroyal Place||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant.
Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium Critically Endangered
|Sir Chetwode Close||2015||Named after Sir John Chetwode (Bar), significant landowner on 1804 Enclosures Map|
|Speedwell Arch||2016||A rare Oxfordshire plant. Three types.
Heath Speedwell Veronica officinalis Near Threatened
Breckland Speedwell Veronica praecox Introduced since 1500
Marsh Speedwell Veronica scutellata Near Threatened
|The Poplars||2015||[Houses NOT in Harwell: Odd numbers]|
|1804 Enclosures||More details here.|
|BLOOR||Blenheim Hill Planning Application P14/V1663/FUL, Preliminary Ecological Assessment, Appendix 2 Species List|
|Fletcher67||Anthony Fletcher. Elizabethan Village, Longman 1967|
|HANCE||Harwell. The Enigma Revealed. Nick Hance. 2006|
|HPC1970||Minutes of Harwell PC meeting 7 Jan 1970, including a map|
|ORPR||Oxfordshire Rare Plant Register: The Oxfordshire Flora Group (Formerly The Rare Plants Group) A list of Oxfordshire rare plants in alphabetical order April 2015|
|OS1912||There’s a copy of the 1912 OS map in the gallery.|
|V4a1000||Village for a thousand years. Book produced for the village millenium in 1985. Full text (copyright Parish Council) is on a dedicated website.|